Mic dictionar de termeni utili pentru industria ambalajelor personalizate

A
Adhesive tape: A strip of adhesive tape attached to the bag to securely tape the bag close.
Anti-Stat: An additive that is used when making the film to reduce static in the bag. Ideally used for electronic components

B
Bags: Poly film that is cut, sealed, and used as a flexible, protective container
BOPP:  Biaxially Oriented Polypropylene.
Bottom Gusset: Pleated bottom on bag. There are three dimensions used when giving the side of a bottom gusset: Length + (bottom gusset size+bottom gusset size) x width.

C
Converting:  Refers to the process of cutting rolls of poly film into bags or sheets etc.  It is the conversion of poly film into a bag.
Corona Treatment: Surface treatment additive for printing and lamination
Custom Bags: These bags are specifically designed to meet the needs of the individual customer by being ordered and crafted specifically to the user’s needs and specifications.

CIF – Cost, Insurance and Freight Supplier must pay the costs, insurance and freight necessary to bring the goods to the specified port of destination.

CFR – Cost and Freight Supplier pay the cost and freight to bring the goods to the named port of destination, but the risk of loss/damage to the goods transfers from supplier to buyer once the goods pass the ship’s rail in the port of shipment.

CPT – Carriage Paid To Supplier pays the freight for the carriage of the goods to the named destination.
CIP – Carriage and Insurance Paid To Supplier pays the freight and cargo insurance for the carriage of the goods to the named destination.

D
Die Cut Handle: This style of handle is oval shaped and cut out of the top of the bag through only 2 layers of plastic. A hole cut out in various shapes.

DAF – Delivered at Frontier Supplier’s obligation ceases when the goods have been made available, or cleared for export, at the named point and place at the frontier, but before the customs border of the adjoining country.

DES – Delivered Ex Ship Supplier’s obligation ceases when the goods have been made available to the buyer on board the ship uncleared for import at the named port of destination.
DEQ – Delivered Ex Quay Supplier’s obligation ceases when the goods have been made available to the buyer on the quay at the named port of destination, cleared of importation.
DDU – Delivered Duty Unpaid Supplier’s obligation ceases when the goods have been made available at the named place in the country of importation.
DDP – Delivered Duty Paid Supplier’s obligation when the goods have been made available at the named place in the country of importation.

E
Extrusion:  The compacting and forcing of a plastics material through a die in more or less a continuous fashion.
EXW – Ex Works Supplier’s responsibility ceases when the goods become available to the buyer at the supplier’s premises.

F
Flexographic Printing:  The method of rotary printing using rubber raised image printing plates, that are affixable to cylinders of various repeat lengths, inked by a roll carrying a fluid ink to virtually any substrate.  For every revolution on the printing plate cylinder, an image is produced.
Film: A roll of poly that is not converted into bags yet. It is the initial product after the resin is melted and blown by our state of the art machinery
FOB (Free on Board) determines the point at which a buyer takes title of goods purchased. The following FOB options may be available: Origin Supplier’s responsibility for goods ceases upon transfer to carrier destination.
Supplier’s responsibility for goods ceases upon acceptance by buyer.
FCA – Free Carrier Supplier’s responsibility ceases when he has handed over the goods, cleared for export, to the buyer’s designated carrier at the named place or point.
FAS – Free Alongside Ship Supplier responsibility ceases when the goods have been placed alongside the vessel on the quay or in lighters at the named port of shipment.
FOB – Free on Board Supplier’s obligation to deliver ceases when the goods have passed over the ship’s rail at the named port of shipment.

Freight Terms: Freight terms specify the provisions for payment of freight. The following freight terms may be available:
Allowed
Supplier reimburses buyer for freight.
Due
Buyer pays freight.
Paid
Supplier pays freight.
Prepaid
Supplier pays freight and invoices buyer.
Freezer Bag: These bags contain special ingredients for performing under cold conditions. Most poly becomes brittle under cold conditions. These specific bags will maintain their flexibility better.

G
Garbage Bag: A bag that is commonly used for lining garbage receptacles.
Gauge: The thickness of the bag or film material in thousandths of an inch (mil)
Gusset: Gussets can be found on the bottom or sides of a bag, and refers to a fold back into the bag. They give the bags more depth as opposed to just a flat bag.

H
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE): HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) is the plastic used mainly to make milk bottles and many other types including liquid detergent and cleaning solution bottles. HDPE has the highest amount of usage for any plastic and is the second most recycled plastics. HDPE is more rigid and harder than lower density materials. It also has a higher tensile strength, four times that of low density polyethylene, and is three times better in compressive strength.

L
Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE): A plastic used predominately in film applications due to its toughness, flexibility and relative transparency, making it popular for use in applications where heat sealing is necessary. LDPE is also used to manufacture some flexible lids and bottles and it is widely used in wire and cable applications for its properties and processing characteristics. Ease of processing, barrier to moisture, strength/toughness, flexibility, ease of sealing. LDPE (Low Density Polyethylene) is the plastic used mainly to make film for garbage bags, food packaging, shrink films, and construction/agricultural films.
Lay flat Tubing: Continuous tube of polyethylene on a roll.
Linear-Low Density Polyethylene: Low pressure process with less clarity but increased strength.

M
Millage: Refers to the thickness of the polyethylene film.  It is measured in the 1000ths of a millimeter or microns.
Metallocene: Additive that strengthens and softens film.

N
Notion Bag: This style of bag is a flat bag without a handle or a gusset.

P
Perforated Tear-Off Rolls:  This style of bag comes on a roll.  Each bag has a seal at the bottom and then a perforation line, so the bag can be easily torn off the roll.
Plastics:  A noun, usually a synthetic or semisynthetic substance that can be formed into shapes by heat and pressure and keeps those shapes after the heat and pressure have been removed.
Polyethylene Terephthalate: Clarity, strength/toughness, barrier to gas and moisture, resistance to heat. PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) resin is used to make PET bottles that are rapidly replacing the previous glass bottles and aluminum cans as food and beverage containers because they are safe, transparent, reliable, chemical-resistant, light, easily moldable and economical. According to the condition of polymerization and amount of additives, there are three types of resins : resins for the containers of bottled water and medicine, resins for soda bottles, and resins for bottles of fruit drinks, ionized beverage and tea. PET bottles come in various colors and designs.
Polyethylene:  A thermoplastic material composed of polymers of ethylene. Polypropylene has excellent chemical resistance, is strong and has the lowest density of the plastics used in packaging. It has a high melting point, making it ideal for hot-fill liquids. PP is found in everything from flexible and rigid packaging to fibers and large molded parts for automotive and consumer products. Strength/toughness, resistance to chemicals, resistance to heat, barrier to moisture, versatility, resistance to grease/oil. PP is a tough, lightweight rigid plastic.
Post Consumer Waste:  Plastics waste generated by a consumer.
Primary Recycling:  The processing of scrap plastics into the same or similar types of products from which it has been generated.
Process Color:  Process colors are created by printing overlapping dots (halftone screens) of Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black inks to simulate a large number of colors.  This process is most commonly used when a photo image needs to be recreated.
PVC: Vinyls are used mainly for their chemical and weathering resistance, high dielectric properties, or abrasion resistance. Vinyl (Polyvinyl Chloride or PVC): In addition to its stable physical properties, PVC has excellent chemical resistance, good weatherability, flow characteristics and stable electrical properties. The diverse slate of vinyl products can be broadly divided into rigid and flexible materials.  PVC film (PolyVinyl Chloride) can be produced with a range of characteristics and qualities from rigid PVC  to semi-rigid PVC, to PVC film. PVC Characteristics range from transparent film to matte finish.

R
Reinforced Handle:  In our production process a reinforced handle is made when the top three inches of poly are folded back into the bag and the oval shaped handle is punched through the four layers of poly.
Resin: The raw material that is melted down and then blown into film.

S
Secondary Recycling:  The processing of scrap plastics into plastic products with less demanding properties.
Sheeting: This is basically one layer of poly film on a roll.

T
T-shirt Bag:  This style of bag has two side gussets that run up each side of the bag to form a loop handle on each side, at the top of the bag.  It actually looks more like a tank top than a t-shirt.
Tubing:  In our production process, tubing is the direct result of the extrusion process.  The extrusion bubble is flattened and then wound around a core to end up with a continuous roll of tubing.
Trash Bags: These bags are ideal for lining a drum.